If Clauses -A Modern Short Story

If Clauses

İngilizce’deki ‘eğer’ ifadesidir. Başka bir eylemin gerçekleşmesini bir koşula bağlarlar. ‘If’ ile kurulan cümlelerin kurallı olması gerekir.
a. If Simple Present Tense will
‘If ‘ ile yapılan bu tür cümlelerde ikinci cümlenin yani ana cümlenin ‘will’ yapısıyla kurulmuş olması gerekir. ‘If’ ile başlayan cümlede asla ‘will’ kullanılmaz.
Examples:
1. If you study hard, you will pass the exam.
If you don’t study hard, you won’t pass the exam.
OR
You will pass the exam if you study hard.
You won’t pass the exam if you don’t study hard.
(?) Will you pass the exam if you study hard?
2. If she calls you at night, you will be angry.
If she doesn’t call you at night, you won’t be angry.
OR
You will be angry if she calls you at night.
You won’t be angry if she doesn’t call you at night.
(?) Will you be angry if she calls you at night?
3. If you are sorry, you will apologize from your son.
If you aren’t sorry, you won’t apologize from your son.
OR
You will apologize from your son if you are sorry.
You won’t apologize from your son if you aren’t sorry.
(?) Will you apologize from your son if you are sorry?
b. If Simple Present Tense, Imperatives
‘If’ ile yapılan bu tür cümlelerde ikinci cümlenin emir kipi (imperatives) ile kurulmuş olması gerekir.
1. If you have 20.000 dollars, buy a car.
If you don’t have 20.000 dollars, don’t buy a car.
OR
Buy a car if you have 20.000 dollars.
Don’t buy a car if you don’t have 20.000 dollars.
2. If you go to Paris, visit the Eiffel Tower.
If you don’t go to Paris, don’t visit the Eiffel Tower.
OR
Visit the Eiffel Tower if you go to Paris.
Don’t visit the Eiffel Tower if you don’t go to
Paris.
c. If Simple Present Tense, Simple Present
Tense
1. If you want to make a cake, you buy some flour and eggs from the market.
If you don’t want to make a cake, you don’t buy any flour and eggs from the market.
OR
You buy some şour and eggs from the market if
you want to make a cake.
You don’t buy any flour and eggs from the market if you don’t want to make a cake.
(?) Do you buy any şour and eggs from the market if you want to make a cake?
2. If you are tired of viruses, you install antivirus programmes.
If you aren’t tired of viruses, you don’t install anti-virus programmes.
OR
You install anti-virus programmes if you are tired of viruses.
You don’t install anti-virus programmes if you aren’t tired of viruses.
(?) Do you install anti-virus programmes if you are tired of viruses?

Read_the_Story_1
Read_the_story_2

If you find a good job, you’ll have better life standards.
If you have better life standards, you’ll live happily and in peace.

Match
1. If you want to go for a walk, ……….
2. If you are fat, ……….
3. If you don’t earn enough money, ………..
4. If your hair is too long, ………
5. If you want to take photos, ……….
6. If you water the şowers, ………..
7. If you read a lot of books, ………..
8. If you live alone, ……….
9. If your computer doesn’t work, ……….
10. If you don’t have an I-pod, ………

a. you find a new job.
b. find a homemate for yourself.
c. they will be very beautiful.
d. you buy trainers.
e. you take it to a repairman.
f. you will lose weight with a good diet.
g. buy a camera.
h. go to a hair-dresser.
i. you speak effectively
j. you will buy it in a technology shop.

Answers:

1. d 2. f 3. a 4. h 5. g 6. c 7. i 8. b 9. e 10. j

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